Cultura Brasileira: no ar desde 1998



Communism has a human side and an inhuman one

Romania: Ilustrated History - Nicolae Klepper


Romania Since 1989 - Zoe Petre

Interview with Gorbanescu Totoliciu Areta Ildiko, Romanian citizen, who lived the transition from communism to capitalism in her country and sees positive and negative aspects on both political and economic forms of government.

  Versão em Portugês aqui 


          On the human side, people had jobs and I myself never understood the concept of “unemployment”. No one could have things if had got no money and only had money by working . As a result of his work, all people could own a home, an apartment and a car even. On the other hand, those who refused to work without justification could be arrested for loitering for a period of up to 3 months.

          Education was public, free and excellent quality, but on the other hand, was compulsory and salary of teachers was slightly lower than that of peasants. It was said that farmers provide the food to our table and are more vital to society than teachers, also important because they form the minds of future generations. Wages followed a descending order according to which the workers received relatively better wages, peasants a little less and the teachers even less. The difference between the highest and lowest salaries, however, was not that large, society was more egalitarian. Yet as negative side, censorship existed and one could not criticize the government, besides that, the right to come and go (as in travel to other countries) was very limited.

          I have lived more intensely and painfully in the final moments of communism in my country. Ceausescu wanted to repay foreign debt and left many people starving; in rural areas like where I lived, there was no problem of hunger, but in the more densely populated urban areas, people, for days on end, only had as food biscuits and rice… They became really angry at him. At the height of the crisis that preceded the deposition of Ceausescu we had electricity for only two hours a day in the evening and 2 hours for TV. I had no idea about what was happening in other countries. At the height of the crisis there was no heating for homes (and here in Europe is very cold during the winter, home heating is essential). There were shortages everywhere and the borders were closed, because many people wanted to leave.

          Capitalism arrived like a storm. Unexpectedly. At first I entered that dirty game; I was delighted to see all the nudity, sexual crap that I had never heard about. Not understanding what capitalism was about, people thought that business would run alone, they would have things without working, they became lazy… Not all people are good and, gradually, my country became an intellectual and material ruin (“tara mea a devenit o ruina materiala si intelectuala”): food full of hormones; Young people practically reduced to a situation of enslavement to Western Europe without future prospects.

          What are the good aspects? We have open borders and we can leave my country, beautiful but ruled by thieves who take turns looting the public money. I love freedom, but only retrospectively I understood the consequences of the turn. The Ethics and Morality must be respected and who acts contrary to that, has to hide, tormented by secret misery. Capitalism only brought me freedom of expression, the right to come and go and do business for myself.

Interview with Gorbanescu Totoliciu Areta Ildiko, Romanian Citizen, to Lázaro Curvêlo Chaves, Brazilian Citizen - 03/05/2014 (9 AM to 2:40 PM Romania Time)


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